Adversive seizure as a clinical manifestation of the atrioventricular block
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Clinical Department of Neurology, University Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
Clinical Department of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology with the Sub-Department of Cardiology and the Centre for Cardiac Insufficiency Treatment and Cardio-Oncology, University Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Marta Gimeła   

Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury, Warszawska 30, Olsztyn 10-082, Poland. Tel.: +48 506 149 466.
Submission date: 2016-05-26
Acceptance date: 2017-02-06
Online publication date: 2017-07-04
Publication date: 2020-03-22
Pol. Ann. Med. 2017;24(2):261–263
Spontaneous and recurrent epileptic seizures are necessary diagnostic criteria for epilepsy. There exist, however, circumstances in which an epileptic seizure is provoked by incidents of a cardiac origin. Focal neurological signs and symptoms secondary to arrhythmia are quite common. However, an epileptic seizure as a manifestation of the third degree atrioventricular block exemplifies the very rare case of such a correlation.

To demonstrate this clinical situation and to point out to the need to differentiate the origin of seizures, verify diagnosis of epilepsy, and perform multi-channel neurophysiological diagnostics, extended by a basic ECG examination.

Case study:
We present the case of a 79-year-old male patient who was admitted to the Clinical Department of Neurology due to recurrent incidents of conjugated eye and head movements to the left secondary to the third degree atrioventricular block.

Results and discussion:
Diagnostic and therapeutic approach implemented for patients with epileptic seizures and cardiac arrhythmia are discussed in detail.

An interdisciplinary diagnostic approach, carefully conducted interview and an appropriate selection of additional examinations and tests are essential for a proper differential diagnosis of seizure-like incidents.

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