Guide for authors

The online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files (

The Editors of Polish Annals of Medicine discourage the submission of more than one article dealing with related aspects of the same study and require authors to submit any closely related papers together with the manuscript.

The corresponding author of the manuscript is required to provide a signed Author’s Statement about the originality of the paper together with another required statement (Acknowledgements), which is explained below.

Papers need to be submitted in a Word format. The text should be in single-column format. The layout of the text should be as simple as possible.
Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. It is possible to use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc.

Types of articles published in Polish Annals of Medicine:

original papers (not more than 10 pages, including figures and tables)
review papers (not more than 8 pages, including figures and tables)
case reports (not more than 8 pages, including figures and tables)
editorials for comments on recent articles (not more than 1 page, including figures and tables)

Title page

Authors are adivsed to attach the title page containing title of the manuscript, authors credentials (full affiliation), corresponding author details with at least email address.
Example of Title page: Example of title page.pdf


The abstract should not be longer than 250 words and divided into the following paragraphs: Introduction, Aim, Material and methods (or Case study), Results and Discussion, Conclusions.
Each section should begin on a new line and briefly describe: the purpose of the study, how the investigation was performed, the most important results and the principal conclusion that the authors drew from the results. The abstract should be included in the Blinded Manuscript.

Main text

Each part should be treated as a separate section and should be clearly defined and numbered.
Introduction: State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Aim: Indicate what the main purpose of the article is.
Material and methods (or Case study): This should include details that would allow reproduction of the research. Previously published methods should be summarized and properly referenced. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
Results: Results should be clear and concise.
Discussion: Please state the significance of the results of the work, but do not repeat them. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
Conclusions: Conclusions should be written in short points, not in text.


Below the abstract provide 3-6 keywords. Please do not repeat the article title.

Figure captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration.


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section and provide in a separate file (template available in the editorial system). List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
This section should also include information about:

  • Conflict of interest
  • Funding
  • Acknowledgements
  • Originality statement
  • Ethics committee approval
  • Informed consent


Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).
Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended but if included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style and include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication’.
Web references
The full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed together with any further information (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.).
Reference style
AMA Manual of Style, A Guide for Authors and Editors, 10th Edition

Reference management software
A template is available in the following reference software:
When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Mendeley plug-ins for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice.
Other software that can be used for reference management:
RefWorks (,
BibTeX (,
ProCite (

Reference style
Text: Indicate references by (consecutive) superscript Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. The numerals are to be used outside periods and commas, inside colons and semicolons.
Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.

General rules from the AMA 10th edition
• Items are listed numerically in the order they are cited in the text
• Include up to 6 authors
• For more than 6 authors, provide the names of the first 3 authors and then add et al.
• You may provide corporate author
• If there is no author, start with the title
• Periodicals (journals, magazines, and newspapers) should have abbreviated titles; to check for the proper abbreviation, search for the Journal Title through LocatorPlus at the National Library of Medicine website


Journal article, in print, 1–6 authors
Salwachter AR, Freischlag JA, Sawyer RG, Sanfey HA. The training needs and priorities of male and female surgeons and their trainees. J Am Coll Surg. 2005;201(10):199–205.

Journal article, in print, more than 6 authors
Fukushima H, Cureoglu S, Schachern P, et al. Cochlear changes in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;133(12):100–106.

Journal article, in print, corporate author

Journal article, online (if there is no DOI, provide the URL for the specific article)
Coppinger T, Jeanes YM, Hardwick J, Reeves S. Body mass, frequency of eating and breakfast consumption in 9-13-year-olds. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2012;25(1):43–49.

Journal article, online from a library database (there is no specific way to cite articles found in library databases according to the AMA so double check with your professor)
Calhoun D, Trimarco T, Meek R, Locasto D. Distinguishing diabetes: Differentiate between type 1 & type 2 DM. JEMS [online]. 2011; 36(11):32-48. Available from: CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Ipswich, MA. Accessed: February 2, 2012.

Newspaper article, in print (if the city name is not part of the newspaper name, it may be added to the official name for clarity; if an article jumps from one page to a later page write the page numbers as D1, D5)
Wolf W. State’s mail-order drug plan launched. Minneapolis Star Tribune. May 14, 2004:1B.

Newspaper article, online
Pollack A. FDA approves new cystic fibrosis drug. New York Times. January 31, 2012. /fda-approves-cystic-fibrosis drug.html?ref=health. Accessed: February 1, 2012.

Outbreak notice: Cholera in Haiti. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. notice/haiti-cholera.htm. Published October 22, 2010. Updated January 9, 2012. Accessed February 1, 2012.

Entire book, in print
Modlin J, Jenkins P. Decision Analysis in Planning for a Polio Outbreak in the United States. San Francisco, CA: Pediatric Academic Societies; 2004.

Book chapter, in print
Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:585–606.

Supplementary material
Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received. Please submit your material together with the article.

After acceptance

Proofs are sent only to the corresponding author who is responsible for the correctness of the text. Any corrections should be submitted either in the form of a list (in email/word) or on the pdf file. Proofs should be sent to the e-mail provided in the instructions attached to the proof only.
The author is requested to provide the License Agreement together with corrections.


All questions should be sent to Queries sent directly to Editors will be redirected to the journal e-mail box.

Questions about the status of an article

The authors are requested to check the status of their articles in the system first at
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