Daily food intake in adolescents: Relation to parameters of physical fitness and weight status
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Center,Children's Hospital, Affiliate of Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Klinikos, Lithuania
Department of Rehabilitation, Physical and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Lithuania
Public Health Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Lithuania
Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Aurelija Meškaitė   

Children‘s Hospital, Affiliate of Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Klinikos, Santariškiu˛ Str. 7, LT-08406 Vilnius, Lithuania. Tel.: +370 65033240.
Submission date: 2013-02-05
Acceptance date: 2013-06-04
Online publication date: 2013-06-14
Publication date: 2020-04-07
Pol. Ann. Med. 2013;20(1):8–12
Balanced nutrition and good physical fitness are the essentia lparts of a healthy growth and development of children and adolescents. Furthermore, these are the key factors in the prevention of overweight and obesity.

The aim of the study was to examine daily food intake of adolescents aged 11–14 years and to assess the parameters of physical fitness and weight status among different genders.

Material and methods:
The study included 65 adolescents aged 11–14. Data were collected by a 24-h diet recall interview, the European physical fitness test battery (Eurofit) and the assessment of body mass index (BMI), based on body height and weight measurements.

In total, in 64.0% of boys and 62.5% of girls daily energy intake was too low. There was a serious calcium and iodine deficiency and a deficiency of some vitamins (vitamin A and vitamin D) in adolescents. The total score of physical fitness ranged from 3.2 to 5.8. The evaluation of body weight indicated that 9.2% of adolescents were underweight, 23.1% were overweight and 3.1% showed obesity.

The assessment of energy expenditure needs to be included in studies for more accurate evaluation of energy balance and relation to weight status. Results on physical fitness in relation to weight status are controversial.

Daily food intake of adolescents is not balanced and with sufficient nutrients. Flexibility was the weakest parameter of physical fitness. The remaining parameters of physical fitness were satisfactory. Only 64.6% of adolescents were classified as normal weight.

The authors have no conflict of interest.
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