Decade-long trends in prostate cancer incidence and mortality in Poland, 1999–2012
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Department of Uro-Oncology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology, Warsaw, Poland
Center for Prostate Disease Research, Rockville, MD, USA
Department. of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
Submission date: 2017-02-22
Acceptance date: 2017-05-02
Online publication date: 2018-02-23
Publication date: 2019-11-16
Corresponding author
Jennifer Cullen   

Center for Prostate Disease Research, 1530 East Jefferson Street, Rockville, MD, 20852, USA.
Pol. Ann. Med. 2018;25(1):56-61
In Poland, prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and third leading cause of cancer death among men. Understanding trends in prostate cancer incidence and mortality can inform efforts for prostate cancer prevention and control, yet information on national trends is lacking.

This study examined temporal trends in prostate cancer incidence and mortality in Poland for the years 1999–2012.

Material and methods:
Data on prostate cancer cases and deaths in Poland were provided by the Polish National Cancer Registry (PNCR). For each year, age-standardized incidence and mortality rates were calculated overall, as well as for each vovoideship, urban and rural regions, and age category.

Results and discussion:
The overall standardized incidence rate in Poland was found to double during this time period, from 17.39 cases per 100,000 person-years in 1999, to 36.12 in 2012. In contrast, standardized mortality rates remained stable, with 11.89 deaths per 100,000 person-years in 1999 and 12.41 deaths per 100,000 person-years in 2012. Standardized incidence and mortality varied by vovoideship. Standardized incidence but not mortality was higher in urban regions.

This study demonstrates the utility of using PNCR data for cancer epidemiologic research and identifies trends in prostate cancer incidence and mortality that require further inquiry

We would like to thank George W. Handy, Activity for Innovation and Economic Growth, for forging the collaboration between this team of researchers from the United States and Poland, and for his support throughout the course of this project.
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