RESEARCH PAPER
Investigating the predictors of routine HIV screening behaviors in nurses based on theory of reasoned action
 
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1
Department of Public Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
2
Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3
Department of Public Health, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
4
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
5
Department of Public Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mehdi Amirkhani   

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa Ibn Sina Square, PO Box 7461686688, Fasa, Iran. Tel.: +9853350994.
Submission date: 2018-06-06
Final revision date: 2020-07-29
Acceptance date: 2020-08-18
Online publication date: 2021-04-08
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Adequate awareness and a positive attitude of nurses about HIV/AIDS can lead to better care and the provision of accurate information to the general public. Misconceptions about HIV/AIDS infection can affect the attitudes of healthcare staff and inappropriately affect the quality of care.

Aim:
The present study aimed to investigate the factors predicting the routine HIV screening behaviors in nurses based on the theory of reasoned action.

Material and methods:
This descriptive-cross-sectional study was conducted on 131 nurses working in Vali-e-Asr hospital in Fasa, Iran. The samples were selected by simple random method. Three 75-item standard questionnaires were also used to collect data, including 15 questions on attitudes, 30 questions on the nurses’ knowledge, and 30 questions on the nurses’ performance.

Results and discussion:
In total, 30 male (22.9%) and 101 (77.1%) female nurses entered in the study. Also, 65.6% of participants were 18–29 years and 48.9% (64) were working in emergency department. The mean attitude and knowledge were calculated to be 20.69 ± 3.17 points and 20.98 ± 4.78 points, respectively. Also, the mean of performance, behavioral control, intention, and subjective norms were calculated to be 84.63 ± 8.06 points, 24.56 ± 2.29 points, 63.93 ± 6.68 points, and 30.53 ± 3.27 points, respectively. The results of the present study indicated a significant relationship between the work experience with their attitude (P = 0.03) and knowledge (P = 0.001) as well as between the age and performance (P = 0.002).

Conclusions:
In the present study, the mean score of attitude, knowledge and performance was found to be moderate; thus the educational intervention seems necessary.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The sincere cooperation of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology of Fasa University of Medical Sciences and the esteemed staff of the educational and medical centers of Fasa City Hospital, as well as all the participants in the sincere study, is appreciated.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
Authors have no conflict of interest.
FUNDING
This research was supported by Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology of fasa University of Medical Science.
 
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