CASE REPORT
Multiorgan air embolism as a complication of ruptured gastric ulcer
 
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1
Department of Psychology and Social Sciences in Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
3
Department of General and Minimally Invasive Surgery, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
4
Clinic of Oncological and General Surgery, University Clinical Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
5
Department of Emergency Medicine and Disaster, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
6
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Łukasz Klepacki   

Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Warszawska 30, 10-082 Olsztyn, Poland. Tel.: +48 505 144 860.
Submission date: 2021-02-14
Final revision date: 2021-04-09
Acceptance date: 2021-04-09
Online publication date: 2021-08-24
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
The gas in the vessels of the portal system and arterial vessels is a very disturbing symptom and life-threatening condition.

Aim:
The aim of this study is to present a case of gas in the left ventricle (LV), ascending aorta (Ao), superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and hepatic portal vein (HPV) as a complication of gastric ulcer perforation (GUP).

Case study:
A 78-year-old male patient, who had undergone a laparotomy due to gas in the HPV, SMV, Ao, and both chambers of the heart with concomitant GUP and critical pyloric stenosis. Laparotomy revealed perforation of the gastric wall with limited wall necrosis and critical pyloric stenosis. The patient died on postoperative day 1 due to multiple organ failure.

Results and discussion:
The presence of gas in HPV (HPVG) and systemic circulation is a rare pathological condition associated with various abdominal diseases. GUP with a gas in the HPV, MV and Ao is very rare. While the mechanism of gas entry into the portal veins of the portal system is better understood, the paths of gas entry into the arterial vessels are still not fully understood and their descriptions are casuistic.

Conclusions:
The treatment of patients with air in the HPV and systemic vessels is extremely difficult and has a very high risk of failure.

FUNDING
None declared.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
None declared.
 
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