REVIEW PAPER
National and international legal issues of the euthanasia
Maryna O. Dei 1  
,   Iryna S. Skliar 2  
,   Tamara Kortukova 3  
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law, Faculty of Law, National Aviation University, Kyiv, Ukraine
2
Law Institute, Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman, Kyiv, Ukraine
3
Department of International, Civil and Commercial Law, Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, Kyiv, Ukraine
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Maryna O. Dei   

Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law, Faculty of Law, National Aviation University, 03058, 1 Liubomyr Huzar Ave., Kyiv, Ukraine.
Submission date: 2021-04-07
Final revision date: 2021-07-26
Acceptance date: 2021-07-26
Online publication date: 2021-10-14
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
The value of human life as a personal intangible good is growing, which has led to international and national legal consolidation of norms providing comprehensive protection of life, while the life of the individual depreciates day by day. All this explains the extraordinary interest in euthanasia, which can be called one of the most controversial and unresolved issues of our time.

Aim:
The aim of the article is to study the phenomenon of euthanasia, elaborate the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights on euthanasia and related rights, develop recommendations on the possibility of legalizing euthanasia in Ukraine.

Material and methods:
The leading method of research of this issue is comparative and law, which allows to comprehensively consider the right to euthanasia, its positive and negative components and helps to establish trends in the implementation of the outlined phenomenon.

Results and discussion:
It is concluded that the right to assisted suicide and the right to passive euthanasia can be recognized only as an element of the right to respect for private life in the context of Article 8 of the Convention. Regarding the legalization of euthanasia in Ukraine, this should be preceded by a serious public dispute on this issue with the widest possible involvement of lawyers, representatives of medicine, bioethics, philosophy, sociology and other sciences.

Conclusions:
The materials of the article have practical value for all those interested in euthanasia and the realization of the right to die, as well as for practicing lawyers and judicial authorities.

FUNDING
None declared.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
None declared.
 
REFERENCES (28)
1.
Ivanii O, Kuchuk A, Orlova O. Biotechnology as factor for the fourth generation of human rights formation. J Hist Cult Art Res. 2020;9(1):115–121. https://doi.org/10.7596/taksad....
 
2.
Headnotes to the Judgment of the Second Senate of 26 February 2020. 2020. https://www.bundesverfassungsg.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
3.
Drozdov O, Drozdova O. Euthanasia in the legal dimension: whether a person has the right to self-determination by way of his death. 2020. https://www.echr.com.ua/evtana.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
4.
Shapirov O, Tkachuk B. New Zealand will be the seventh country where euthanasia is allowed. 2020. https://hromadske.ua/posts/nov.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
5.
Constitution of Ukraine. 1996. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
6.
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. 1950. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
7.
Gołota J, Rucińska M, Sejda A. Primary pulmonary sarcomas – diagnosis, treatment, prognostic factors. Pol Ann Med. 2019;26(1):66–72. https://doi.org/10.29089/2017.....
 
8.
Iwanowski M, Glinka L, Braczkowska M, Gutysz-Wojnicka A. Asleep or awake? that is the question… a review of techniques available for monitoring the depth of anaesthesia. Pol Ann Med. 2020;27(2):214–219. https://doi.org/10.29089/2020.....
 
9.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1948. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
10.
Council of Europe. 1997. Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being in the Application of Biology and Medicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine. https://www.coe.int/en/web/con.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
11.
World Medical Assembly. 1983. Venice Declaration on Incurable Diseases. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
12.
World Medical Assembly. 1987. Declaration of Euthanasia. https://www.med.or.jp/dl-med/w.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
13.
Tkachenko VI, Berezovska LO. The issue of Euthanasia in the practice of family physicians in the Netherlands. Fam Med. 2019;4(84):61–64. https://doi.org/10.30841/2307-....
 
14.
Civil Code of Ukraine. 2003. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
15.
Law of Ukraine ‘Fundamentals of Health Legislation of Ukraine’. 1996. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
16.
Altisent R, Nabal M, Muñoz P, Ferrer S, Delgado-Marroquín M, Alonso A. Euthanasia: is this the law we need? [in Spanish]. Aten Prim. 2021; 53(5). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apri....
 
17.
Sanles Sanles v. Spain. 2000. Application No. 48335/99. http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
18.
Pretty v. the United Kingdom. 2002. Application No. 2346/02. http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/fre?.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
19.
Haas v. Switzerland. 2011. Application No. 31322/07. http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/rus?.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
20.
Koch v. Germany. 2012. Application No. 497/09. http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/rus?.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
21.
Gross v. Switzerland. 2014. Application No. 67810/10. http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/rus?.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
22.
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. 1999. Recommendation No. 14/8 ‘On the protection of human rights and the dignity of the terminally ill and the dying’. http://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
23.
Gergeliynyk V. Euthanasia in the aspect of a person’s constitutional right to medical care [in Ukrainian]. P Law Sci Pr L J. 2016;3:54–59.
 
24.
Booth S, Eleftheriou P, Moody C. Implementing voluntary assisted dying in a major public health service. Med J Austr. 2021;214(8):343–346. https://doi.org/10.5694/mja2.5....
 
25.
Chekhovska IV, Bilousyuk VV. Legal regulation of euthanasia: international experience [in Ukrainian]. Int L B C I (Th & Pr). 2019;14:23–33. https://doi.org/10.33244/2521-....
 
26.
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. 2012. Resolution 1859 ‘Protection of human rights and dignity, taking into account the previously expressed wishes of the patient’. http://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml.... Accessed: 02.06.2021.
 
27.
Kuchuk AM, Serdiuk LM, Zavhorodnia YS. Modern law education in the context of natural understanding of law. A Int J Life Sci. 2019;21(2):359–370.
 
28.
Tavolzhanska Yu, Grynchak S, Pcholkin V, Fedosova O. Severe pain and suffering as effects of torture: detection in medical and legal practice. Georgian Med News 2020;307:185–193.