Obesity prevention in children and adolescents – Current recommendations
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Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Medical University of Gdańsk, Poland
Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Vilnius University Hospital, Santariskiu Klinikos, Lithuania
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Department of Cattle Breeding and Milk Evaluation, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
National Food and Nutrition Institute, Warsaw, Poland
Anna Binkiewicz-Glińska   

Department of Rehabilitation, Medical University of Gdańsk, Dębinki 1, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland. Tel.: +4858 349 1640.
Submission date: 2012-05-17
Acceptance date: 2012-07-16
Publication date: 2020-04-10
Pol. Ann. Med. 2012;19(2):158–162
The epidemic of obesity in children and adolescents is one of the major problems of 21st century society. About 70–80% of young people diagnosed with obesity in adolescence will become obese adults. In Poland, an excess of body weight affects every 7th teenager aged 13–15 (13.3%). The prevalence of excess body weight in 14–15 year olds has increased over the past 10 years by about 2.0% and obesity by 1.5%.

This work aimed at demonstrating the merits of obesity prevention and rehabilitation.

The effectiveness of the prevention of obesity and being overweight among children and adolescents depends on early diagnosis, which involves screening in elementary, middle and high schools as well as the implementation of effective prevention programs and education. The planning of treatment for obese children should be guided by their family history, environment, neurological and physical examinations and the hitherto rehabilitation for the delineation of an optimal individualized rehabilitation program. In addition, laboratory tests should be taken into account for a complete assessment concerning the current condition of the child.

The prevention of obesity requires early diagnosis and rehabilitation as well as effective obesity prevention programs and education.

None declared.
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