RESEARCH PAPER
Psychological features and emotional frustrations of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and asthma patients
 
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Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, The Republican Scientifically-Practical Centre of Mental Health in Minsk, Belarus
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Tatsiana Zhukava   

Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Brovki 3, 220013 Minsk, Belarus. Tel./fax: +375 17 292 25 49.
Submission date: 2012-02-09
Acceptance date: 2013-05-23
Publication date: 2020-04-10
 
Pol. Ann. Med. 2012;19(2):94–97
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Research concerning the psychological effects of living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma demonstrates that patients with respiratory diseases are frequently in a far worse condition than patients with cancer. Studying such patients’ psychological features is an extremely important problem of modern public healthcare. Results of further research in this area will help to conceive new methods of treatment in order to improve patients’ quality of life.

Aim:
This work aimed at the studying of emotional frustrations and psychological features concerning patients with COPD and asthma.

Material and methods:
By means of the MMPI technique we surveyed 30 mild and moderate COPD patients and 38 mild and moderate asthma patients. Practically healthy 30 individuals, comparable with reference to age and sex with surveyed patients, served as the control group.

Results and discussion:
Asthma patients revealed the following character features: the presence of proof disturbing-depressive frustration with cenestopathy and the tendency to form restrictive behavior. The received results enable us to conclude that the revealed psychological and emotional infringements demonstrated by asthma patients become more expressed as their disease progresses, whereas this progression reduces the degree of patients’ social adaptation. A list of standardized symptoms and syndromes of the unified estimation of patients’ mental status was employed to assess the emotional frustration of COPD and asthma patients. With reference to asthma patients, emotional frustration was revealed in 22 individuals (65.8% of cases). The research demonstrated that emotional infringements were observed in 19 COPD patients (63.4% of cases from the total number of patients).

Conclusions:
The obtained data with respect to the presence of psychological features and emotional frustration of COPD and asthma patients indicate that it is necessary to consider the creation of programs involving individual psychological rehabilitation.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST
None declared.
 
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