Skiing and snowboarding sport injuries
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Physical Medicine Institute, Physiotherapy Department, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Poland
Physiotherapy Institute, Physiotherapy Department, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Poland
Rehabilitation Institute, Physiotherapy Department, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Poland
Submission date: 2013-11-11
Acceptance date: 2014-01-24
Online publication date: 2014-04-18
Publication date: 2020-03-26
Corresponding author
Grzegorz Onik   

Physical Medicine Institute, Physiotherapy Department, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland. Tel.: +48 32 208 87 12; fax: +48 32 208 87 12.
Pol. Ann. Med. 2014;21(1):36-39
Skiing being one of most popular sport disciplines has a long history and tradition. Snowboarding was counted into leading sport disciplines in the 1970s. Both disciplines popularity growth led to increase of injuries rate. Knowledge of risk factors, causes and injuries patterns allows to improve safety and decrease injuries and harmful effects.

Study aim was an attempt to characterize injuries patterns in skiing and snowboarding.

Material and methods:
Study involved 100 people (60 females and 40 males), age range: 20–49 years (mean age: 30.95 ± 10.64). Participants were Upper Silesia Region inhabitants, 70% of them do skiing while 30% snowboarding. Study was based on self-prepared questionnaire.

Results and discussion:
45% of questioned sustained injury during skiing or snowboarding. In skiers knee joint injuries dominated (45%) while in snowboarders most frequently shoulder joint was affected (25%). Contusions predominately occurred in snowboarders (63%), in skiers sprains were most frequent (47%). Falls were main causes of injuries in both groups. Age, ability, fitness and physical activity level are factors increasing risk of injuries. Sex and weather conditions do not impact on injuries occurrence.

Anatomical localization and types of injuries occurring in skiing and snowboarding differentiates both disciplines.

None declared.
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