The role of personality factors in predicting life satisfaction of non-native students with the mediating role of self-differentiation
Iman Moharrami 1  
,   Seyed Ali Kimiaei 1  
,   Fatemeh Bagheri 1  
,   Abbas Ghodrati-Torbati 2,3  
,   Zeinab Parsa 1
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Department of Education and Counseling Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
Seyed Ali Kimiaei   

Associate Professor of Counseling, Department of Education and Counseling Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Submission date: 2021-03-16
Final revision date: 2021-06-13
Acceptance date: 2021-06-14
Online publication date: 2021-12-27
This study aimed was to predict the life satisfaction (LS) of non-native students based on personality traits and mediated by the level of differentiation.

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the psychosocial effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on students attending a private high school in Istanbul, Turkey.

Material and methods:
This study population consisted of all non-native students of the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Two hundred people were selected by convenience sampling method and answered the Diener life satisfaction questionnaire, Gary-Wilson personality traits and Skowron and Friedlander self-differentiation questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using AMOS and SPSS software v. 24 and Pearson correlation coefficient, regression coefficient, and path analysis.

Results and Discussion:
The mean age of participants was 27.92 ± 5.32 years. The proposed model had a good fit according to the index of fitness. There was a significant correlation between behavioral activation systems (BASs) as one of the subscales of personality factors with LS (P < 0.05, r = 0.47), and between BASs with self-differentiation (P < 0.05, r = 0.35). Also, there was a significant indirect correlation between behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and LS (P < 0.05, r = –0.40) and between BIS with self-differentiation (P < 0.05, r = –0.30). There was a significant relationship between differentiation with LS (P < 0.05, r = 0.55). Due to the significant indirect effect of the model, the level of differentiation could mediate the relationship between personality factors and LS.

Although personality factors predict a part of LS, the ability to differentiate between thought and feeling and to maintain independence in interpersonal relationships plays an essential role in the LS of non-native students.

This article approved by Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. The authors appreciated and thanked all those who contributed to the present study.
None declared.
No conflict of interest has been reported by the authors.
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