Wojciech Rowiński (1935–2014) – a pioneer of Polish transplantology and a mentor
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Department of Phatophysiology and Physiology, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Department of Oncologic Surgery, Regional Specialist Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
Doctoral School, Collegium Medicum, Jan Kochanowski University of Kielce, Poland
Department of Rehabilitation and Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Submission date: 2023-09-14
Final revision date: 2023-12-01
Acceptance date: 2023-12-01
Online publication date: 2024-02-27
Corresponding author
Katarzyna Podhorodecka   

Department of Phatophysiology and Physiology, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Warszawska 30, 10-082 Olsztyn, Poland
Pol. Ann. Med. 2024;31(1):69-73
The present state of Polish transplantology and nephrology was created to a great extent by prof. Wojciech Rowiński due to his excellent organizational, clinical, and didactic skills. His major field of interest was the pathophysiology of the ischemic damage in donor organs; especially kidneys. Together with his colleagues, he was responsible for the implementation of hypothermic pulsatile perfusion in order to preserve a cadaveric kidney until it could be used in clinical practice. The procedure has been in use since 1995 and has been an extremely important achievement in the reduction of the incidence of posttransplant acute tubular necrosis.

The purpose of our work is to introduce the reader to the person of Wojciech Rowiński.

Material and methods:
The work is based on the available literature. The search process resulted in the detection of relevant articles using valid keywords on electronic databases, including Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Subsequently, 11 were identified as eligible for our review.

Results and discussion:
In 2008, due to Rowiński's initiative, the Parliament of the Republic of Poland accepted a resolution regarding the approval of transplantation as a method of treatment.

Rowiński's pioneering efforts and innovative techniques in transplantology had a profound impact on the field, leading to improved organ preservation, reduced complications, and enhanced ethical considerations.

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Bajer M. Rowińscy [in Polish]. Acad Forum. 2005;9.
Orlowski T, Nielubowicz J, Gradowska L, Rowiński W, Klopotowska E. Function of transplanted kidney [in Polish]. Pol Arch Intern Med. 1966;37(1):47–54.
Nielubowicz J, Rowiński W. Technic of kidney transplantation [in Polish]. Pol Arch Intern Med. 1970;45(2):179–183.
Nielubowicz J, Rowiński W. Surgical technique of kidney transplantation. Pol Med J. 1971;10(2):344–347.
Rowiński W, Pączek L. Organ transplantation in Poland. Transplant Proc. 2002;34(2):537–538.
Rowiński W, Szmidt J, Rosnowska M, et al. Effect of long-term administration of horse antilymphocyte serum to healthy dogs [in Polish]. Pol Arch Med Wewn. 1970;45(2):281–289.
Rowiński W, Szmidt J, Rosnowska M, et al. The effect of a long-term administration of horse anti-dog lymphocyte globulin to healthy dogs. Pol Med J. 1971;10(2):431–438.
Rowiński W, Olszewski W, Szmidt J, et al. Comparison of the effect of horse anti-dog lymphocyte globulin (HADLG) on renal and liver transplants in dogs. Acta Med Pol. 1973;14(2):167–170.
Tilney NL, Bancewicz J, Rowinski W, Notis-McConarty J, Finnegan A, Booth D. Enhancement of cardiac allografts in rats. Transplantation. 1978;25(1):1–6.
Rowinski W, Ruka M, Stuart F, Buckingham F. Amelioration of the Ischemic Damage of the Dog Kidney Subjected to 90 Minutes of Warm Ischemia by Lidocaine Pretreatment and Low-Dose Dopamine Infusion on Revascularization. In: Amerio A, Coratelli P, Campese VM, Massry SG, eds. Acute Renal Failure. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Boston, MA: Springer. 1987;212:291–296.
Rowiński W, Wałaszewski J. History of the first Medical Faculty of Medical University in Warsaw. Department and Clinic of General and Transplantation Surgery [article in polish]. https://chirurgia-transplantac.... Accessed October 1, 2023.
Rowinski W, Paczek L. Transplantation Ethics: Are We Approaching the Crossroads? Transplant Proc. 2012;44(7):2171–2172.
Rowiński W, Wałaszewski J. Ethical and societal problems in organ transplantation. Ann Transplant. 2002;7(4):7–9.
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