RESEARCH PAPER
Description of community health nursing education process during training and field training courses: A qualitative study
 
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1
Department of Nursing, Esfarayen Faculty of Medical Sciences, Esfarayen, Iran
2
Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Evidence-Based Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Health Sciences Research Center, Cancer Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Hossein Karimi Moonaghi   

Daneshgah Avenue, Mashahd, P.O. box: 9137913199, Iran. Tel.: +9851-38591511.
Submission date: 2020-04-10
Final revision date: 2020-04-27
Acceptance date: 2020-04-27
Online publication date: 2020-06-07
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
The performance of community health nurses depends on a comprehensive collection of scientific and practical competencies that can be acquired through training courses in the nursing curriculum.

Aim:
The present study is an attempt to describe the process of community health nursing education during the training and field training courses.

Material and methods:
This study was conducted using a grounded theory approach. In total, 14 undergraduate nursing students, 13 employees in health centers and 10 faculty member instructors participated in this study. The population was sampled through purposeful and theoretical sampling. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews through January to December 2019. Data analysis was conducted using Strauss and Corbin (1998) approach and by the Maxqda software.

Results and discussion:
The theory of ‘dichotomy of motivation’ which includes four main concepts namely: professional identity, educational atmosphere, accountability and efficiency, was extracted from the data. Professional identity and educational atmosphere provided the ground for dichotomy of motivation in participants. These concepts were followed by a spectrum of accountabilities which led to a different spectrum of efficiency in the training courses.

Conclusions:
The theory of dichotomy of motivation, described the nursing training process in the training courses and the role of training in the field of community health. Professional identity, educational environment and accountability, are important concepts that affect this process. This study revealed the problems and obstacles in the health training courses for managers, instructors and employees so that the necessary measures may be taken to improve the efficiency of training courses.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We would like to thanks all students and instructors to participate in this study.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
None declared.
FUNDING
None declared.
 
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