REVIEW PAPER
Effects of exercise on blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetic patients – Literature review
 
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1
Chair and Department of Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy and Balneotherapy, the Medical University of Lublin, Poland
 
2
Department of Pathology and Rehabilitation of Speech, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
 
 
Submission date: 2017-07-20
 
 
Acceptance date: 2017-10-19
 
 
Online publication date: 2018-05-07
 
 
Publication date: 2019-11-19
 
 
Corresponding author
Michał Ginszt   

Magnoliowa 2, 20-143 Lublin, Poland. Tel.: +48 602 533 723.
 
 
Pol. Ann. Med. 2018;25(2):272–276
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Diabetes is a major global health problem that affects almost 382 million people worldwide. Physical exercises have been considered as a ‘gold standard’ in treatment of type 2 diabetes. Nevertheless, there is still a low prevalence of exercise in diabetes population.

Aim:
The aim of our study is to present the effects of resistance, aerobic, combined, and high-intensity exercise on blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Material and methods:
The attempt was made to investigate the effects of exercise on blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetic patients. Using keywords ‘diabetes,’ ‘exercise,’ ‘glucose,’ we performed a review of relevant articles based on a PubMed and Scopus online databases, focusing on the last five years.

Results and discussion:
The combination of resistance and aerobic training seems to have a greater impact on glycemic control than both types of exercise alone. In addition, some studies have shown a positive effect of high-intensity exercise, especially high-intensity interval training, in the treatment of diabetes.

Conclusions:
Both resistance, aerobic, and combined exercises have benefits in glycemic control for type 2 diabetic patients. The type of exercise chosen to the treatment of diabetes should be matched according to the individual clinical profile of the patient. Further studies are needed to assess the effects of high-intensity exercises on blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The results of the present study do not constitute endorsement of the product by the authors or the journal.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
 
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