Efficacy of stretching in physiotherapy and sports
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Department of Kinesitherapy and Special Methods, SHS in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Fizjo-Sport, Rzeszów, Poland
Universidad Catolica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Piotr Michalik   

Skrzeka i Wójcika 6b/13, 41-106 Siemianowice, Poland. Tel.: +48 694 979 743.
Submission date: 2017-09-17
Acceptance date: 2017-12-11
Online publication date: 2018-06-27
Publication date: 2019-11-19
Pol. Ann. Med. 2018;25(2):277–282
Stretching constitutes an important element of therapeutic management in numerous disciplines, starting from neurology to motor training and orthodontic practice. Different models and approaches that apply stretching use their own terminology, and yet they are based on similar assumptions and purposes.

The aim of this study was to establish scientific fundamentals of using different forms of stretching, and to determine areas of its effective application.

Material and methods:
Medline searches were conducted in context of stretching, hold-relax technique, athletic injury prevention and physiotherapy.

Results and discussion:
Although stretching is widely recognized as an effective method of working with muscle restrictions, there are many studies that undermine its impact on the muscle length, especially in short-term observation. Similar limitations are noted with regard to its application in patients with neurological paresis, or as an element of warm-up before sports activity.

Stretching is an effective tool in working with myofascial pain syndromes; however, its actual influence on the condition of muscles and fascia remains unclear.

None declared.
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