Generational transfer of psychological resilience
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Chair and Clinic of Rehabilitation of Children and Adolescents, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Provincial Complex of Psychiatric Health in Olsztyn, Poland
Department of General Surgery, Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board, Bangor, United Kingdom
Chair of Developmental Psychology and Education, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Warsaw, Poland
Piotr M. Kowalski   

Ysbyty Gwynedd General Surgery, Penrhosgarnedd, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2PW, United Kingdom. Tel.: +48 508 110 789.
Submission date: 2016-01-25
Acceptance date: 2016-02-19
Online publication date: 2016-03-15
Publication date: 2020-03-24
Pol. Ann. Med. 2016;23(2):102–107
Review of literature on psychological resilience reveals interest in this subject area among representatives of biological and social sciences, as well as humanities. While explorers of human psychological reality search for the cause and effect relationship, the semantic area of this notion keeps evolving and it expands conceptualization of the definition.

To establish the generational transmission of psychological resilience/buoyancy and basic hope in the family system.

Material and methods:
The Psychological Resilience Questionnaire (PRQ) was used in the study drawn by Trzebiński and Zięba. The study participants included 106 people, 32 families, students (N = 35) and their parents (N = 70). The age range within the group of students was from 19 to 29 years, within the group of parents it ranged from 30 to 50 years and over. There were 54 men and 52 women in total. The subjects were recruited from the Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodeship, and they were studying on various courses.

Results and discussion:
A correlation analysis and a hierarchical regression analysis were made. The following results were obtained: there was a positive correlation between psychological resilience and basic and there was also a positive correlation between the order of birth and psychological resilience. The obtained data indicate significance of generational transmission in the family system.

Interaction of relations within a family system encourages initiation of cognitive curiosity and exploration of discussed problems within the field of psychological resilience and basic hope.

None declared.
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