RESEARCH PAPER
The reliability of Malay version of parenting stress index-short form (PSI-SF) among caregivers of individuals with learning disabilities
 
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1
Physiotherapy Program, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2
Occupational Therapy Program, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
3
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
4
Unit of Health Psychology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Joseph Henry Leonard   

Physiotherapy Programme, School of Rehabilitation Science, Wellness and Rehabilitation Niche Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Tel.: +60 3 26878003; fax: +60 3 26878199.
Submission date: 2015-07-24
Acceptance date: 2016-01-23
Online publication date: 2016-02-28
Publication date: 2020-03-24
 
Pol. Ann. Med. 2016;23(2):108–112
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Care demands faced by parents of children with learning disabilities (LD) can cause significant stress to them. The parenting stress index-short form (PSI-SF) questionnaire is a widely used instrument to measure parental stress. Cross-cultural translation of PSI-SF takes place to cater the different population around the world. Recently, a crosscultural translation was implemented in the Malay language. The Malay version of the PSISF was developed and tested for psychometric properties among caregivers of individual with LD.

Aim:
The main aim of this study was to examine the reliability and internal consistency of the Malay version of PSI-SF.

Material and methods:
PSI-SF in English version was translated into Malay language. Back translation, comparison and modification were executed to obtain PSI-SF in Malay version. A total of 30 caregivers who handle individuals with LD were surveyed to evaluate the reliability of PSI-SF in the Malay version.

Results and discussion:
The reliability of PSI-SF in the Malay version was good with Cronbach's α = 0.944. The internal consistency on subscale of PSI-SF such as parental distress, parent–child dysfunction and difficult child also scored a high internal consistency with value 0.90, 0.82, and 0.87 respectively.

Conclusions:
The Malay version of the PSI-SF is a reliable questionnaire to evaluate the level of stress among the caregivers of children with LD.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors wish to thank all participants for their support to this study.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
None declared.
FUNDING
This study is supported by a research grant from Ministry of Higher Education, Government of Malaysia, Malaysia. Grant number is Industri-2013-016.
 
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