CASE REPORT
Tuberculosis in patient with psoriasis receiving biologic therapy: Case report
 
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Chair and Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Clinical Immunology, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Beata Wańczyk-Dręczewska   

Wojska Polskiego 30, 10-292 Olsztyn, Poland. Phone: +48 660547828.
Submission date: 2020-06-17
Final revision date: 2020-08-13
Acceptance date: 2020-08-14
Online publication date: 2020-11-04
 
Pol. Ann. Med. 2020;27(2):209–213
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
The introduction of biological therapy has revolutionized the treatment of psoriasis. Due to its immunosuppressive effect, the following side effects might occur: injection-site reactions, exacerbation of autoimmune diseases, increased risk of malignant tumors and infections, including tuberculosis (TB).

Aim:
The aim of this report is to present a case of a patient who developed TB during tumornecrosis factor α (TNF-α) inhibitor therapy.

Case study:
A 52-year-old man was admitted to the Dermatology Clinic for re-qualification for biological treatment with adalimumab. The patient was treated with cyclosporin A and lefludomide combined with methotrexate with no effect and the adalimumab therapy was initiated with complete remission of psoriatic lesions. The patient was suspended in the drug program because of TB. TNF-α inhibitor therapy was resumed after antimycobacterial treatment, during which lymphadenopathy was observed and serous TB was confirmed. Three months after the treatment, the patient was rehospitalized because of suspicion of TB relapse. It was decided to requalify the patient for biological therapy after completion of antimycobacterial treatment. Due to the high risk of TB recurrence, switch to the interleukin-17 inhibitor was decided.

Results and discussion:
The proper qualification and thorough testing before biological treatment ensures patients’ safety and satisfactory therapeutic effect. It should be remembered that during longterm therapy with TNF antagonists, both reactivation of latent TB as well as new infection are serious problems. Therefore, regular tests should be performed, especially in countries with high prevalence of this disease.

Conclusions:
In patients who develop TB, particularly recurrent, switching to a drug with a different mechanism should be considered.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST
None declared.
FUNDING
None declared.
 
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