What made hominis physically active? Part I
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Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Department of Population Medicine and Civilization Diseases Prevention, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Department of Allergy, Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
World Economy Research Institute, Collegium of World Economy, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland
Department of Respiratory Diagnostic and Bronchoscopy, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Submission date: 2018-04-16
Final revision date: 2018-08-28
Acceptance date: 2018-09-01
Online publication date: 2018-11-21
Publication date: 2019-11-01
Corresponding author
Ryszard Rutkowski   

Department of Respiratory Diagnostic and Bronchoscopy, Medical University of Bialystok, Waszyngtona 17, 15-274 Bialystok.
Pol. Ann. Med. 2019;26(1):73–76
Understanding of the nature and timing of the transition to bipedal terrestrial locomotion is key to accurate interpretation of how and why humans evolved and improved their balance as well as reduced energy expenditure when moving upright.

We present an abbreviated history of the evolution of the musculoskeletal system in hominins, the role of bipedality and running in the genesis of pre-modern Homo.

Material and methods:
The literature on this subject.

Results and discussion:
Paleoantrhropological research traces the evolution of the hominins’ skeleton and muscular system which allowed for strenuous bipedal, upright walking.

The complex evolutionary process of hominins’ skeleton and muscular system resulted in new physical features and increased physical fitness.

None declared.
None declared.
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