REVIEW PAPER
Application of transthoracic lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of pulmonary edema at ICU patients – Literature review
 
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1
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Regional Specialized Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of General Surgery and Transplantology, Regional Specialized Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
3
Department of Pediatric Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Regional Specialized Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Paweł Grabala   

Department of Pediatric Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Regional Specialized Children's Hospital in Olsztyn, Żołnierska 18A, 10-561 Olsztyn, Poland.
Online publication date: 2017-07-03
Publication date: 2020-03-22
Submission date: 2016-05-24
Acceptance date: 2017-03-28
 
Pol. Ann. Med. 2017;24(2):300–303
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Pulmonary edema (PED) is one of the potential causes of acute respiratory failure at ICU patients. Transthoracic lung ultrasound (TUS) is a useful method of evaluating the condition of the respiratory system, because especially in the critically ill patients, this study should be simple, fast and easily accessible. Hence the study design is simplified and presented as a treatment protocol known by the acronym BLUE (Lung Bedside Ultrasound in Emergency). Study under this scheme reduces testing time for even 1 min, and at the same time allows for the diagnosis of the causes of acute respiratory failure.

Aim:
The aim of this work is to describe the basics of actual techniques of medical ultrasound for diagnosis PED.

Material and methods:
A literature review.

Results and discussion:
We presented how to identify with ultrasonography the most common types of PED at ICU patients.

Conclusions:
Medical ultrasound is a simple, fast, cheap and reproducible method of evaluating the respiratory system and seems to be one of the most promising imaging techniques for the diagnosis of lung diseases and monitoring of respiratory functions.

 
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