REVIEW PAPER
The basics of application of medical ultrasonography in the diagnosis of acute respiratory failure
 
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1
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Regional Specialized Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of General Surgery, Vascular Surgery and Transplant, Regional Specialized Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
3
Department of Pediatric Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Regional Specialized Children's Hospital in Olsztyn, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Paweł Grabala   

Żołnierska 18A, 10-561 Olsztyn, Poland. Tel.: +48 89 675 51 13; fax: +48 775 466 324; mobile: +48 787 111 100.
Online publication date: 2016-08-25
Publication date: 2019-12-15
Submission date: 2016-02-25
Acceptance date: 2016-06-27
 
Pol. Ann. Med. 2017;24(1):104–109
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Medical ultrasonography (USG) is a cheap, accessible, reproducible, and radiation-free diagnostic tool. However, medical USG for the imaging of lungs and the pleural cavity as a diagnostic tool remains underutilized, despite its proven effectiveness, especially for life-threatening conditions such as acute respiratory failure.

Aim:
The aim of this work is to describe actual techniques of medical USG for acute respiratory failure.

Material and methods:
A literature review was conducted.

Results and discussion:
We presented how to identify with USG the most common respiratory system diseases at intensive care unit patients.

Conclusions:
Medical USG is a simple, fast, cheap, and reproducible method of evaluating the respiratory system and seems to be one of the most promising imaging techniques for the diagnosis of lung diseases and monitoring of respiratory functions by intensive care unit physicians.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST
None declared.
 
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