REVIEW PAPER
Diabetes – the history of research and treatment
 
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Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Angelika Baranowska-Jurkun   

1. Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrinology and Diabetology Clinic, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
Online publication date: 2020-03-19
Submission date: 2018-06-18
Final revision date: 2019-11-24
Acceptance date: 2019-11-24
 
Pol. Ann. Med. 2020;27(1):78–84
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
The history of diabetes is a fascinating journey – from the times before the current era to the modern day. This history is rich in a lot of discoveries, advancements in science and technology, renowned scientists, doctors and their achievements as well as challenges.

Aim:
To present the history of research on diabetes and its treatment.

Material and methods:
A review of literature concerning the history of research on diabetes and methods of its treatment.

Results and discussion:
First descriptions of diabetes, today a well-known disease, date back to ancient Egypt; its mysteries were discovered by Hippocrates, Aretaeus of Cappadocia and an Arabic doctor Avicenna. The term ‘diabetes mellitus’ was first used in 1797 and the greatest breakthrough in research on diabetes took place in 1922, when insulin was discovered. This revolutionised the treatment, yet led to the development of a number of chronic vascular complications.

Conclusions:
At present, diabetes – as a non-communicable disease – is perceived by the World Health Organisation as an epidemics, and only getting to know its history can mean having complete knowledge about the disease.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST
None declared.
FUNDING
None declared.
 
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